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A GUIDE TO THE HISTORY AND HERITAGE OF PENCADER HUNDRED  
Pencader Historic Area

  Yon blue plateau to all seems low,
Whose minds some mountain fills,
Except us there in Delaware, Who ne’er saw higher hills;
At Newark’s old academy, It almost shook our will,
To walk so far and scale that bar
The dome of Iron Hill.
G.A.Townsend
Cardinal Flower at Dayett Mill Race The words of author George Alfred Townsend, one of Delaware’s native sons, describe Pencader Hundred’s most prominent landmark. From the top of Iron Hill, approximately three hundred and forty feet high, to the lowlands south of Glasgow, it is the only Hundred out of ten in New Castle County whose boundaries are not defined by streams and rivers. Pencader is not only unique in topography and fortunate in the diversity and number of remaining historical sites, but a rich source of traditions and folklore handed down by families who have resided there for generations. The Piedmont Plateau and the Coastal Plain come together at thefoot of Iron Hill and the basaltic rock, which comprises Iron Hill, provides the foundation for the Christina Creek. As a result, this section of Pencader Hundred has an amazing diversity of geological formations and wildlife. The fragile ecological system is healthy in some locations and severely threatened in others. Surprisingly, in the midst of accelerated development, some of Pencader’s many streams remain clean enough to support the growth of endangered wildlife. The increasingly rare crimson cardinal flower still delights hummingbirds along the banks of the old millrace at Dayett Mill. Those who know where to search in Muddy Run will discover fresh water mussels and in nearby Sunset Lake the beavers are constantly rearranging the landscape. These Pencader residents are survivors from earlier days and worthy of our protection.

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